@lycium As you know I have now joined Discord to help, but to answer your question about hybrids in Mandelbulber:

generalized answer, we have the DE stuff inside the formulas/transforms updating the DE, then we do the final calculation at termination. If all formulas used in a hybrid are of the type that can use Linear DE, then we use Linear DE final calc outDistance = r / DE. Similarly if all logarithmic we use log final calc. But when we are making a hybrid which mixes linear and log types we generally use log final calc, but occasionally linear is better. By default the program initially calculates what the likely DE function should be (called automatic). We have a drop down menu that allows us to test different final calculation DE functions. Most of the transforms work OK with either linear of log types